Measures

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Grassland Subsoiling

Compaction in grassland reduces the infiltration of rainfall, increasing the risk of run-off and flooding, and adversely affects water quality. Amelioration of soil compaction will help to improve water filtration and nutrient use.
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Grassland Slitting

The surface of grassland can become compacted as a result of extended grazing in inappropriate ground conditions or overstocking. Sward slitters or aerators can alleviate shallow compaction caused by livestock poaching or surface capping, in turn improving water infiltration and helping to increase grassland productivity.
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Maize Management

Late harvest of forage maize can present a high risk of soil damage and can result in reduced infiltration and increased risks of run-off, flooding and diffuse pollution. Selecting earlier maturing varieties can allow a larger working window after harvest to address compaction and implement measures to reduce the likelihood of runoff over winter.
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Hedge Planting

Hedges planted across a slope provide a physical barrier to field run-off, improve infiltration and uptake of water and reduce soil erosion as roots help bind the soil.
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Hedge Planting on Banks

As well as the other NFM benefits planting hedges on banks can provide more of a physical barrier to slow field runoff. If you are in a part of Somerset where this is a common landscape feature, this may be a good option.
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Leaky Dams

Leaky dams are a green engineering option for natural flood management. They are leaky structures made from logs and branches, which mimic naturally fallen trees. They ‘Slow the flow’ by holding back and spreading water onto the floodplain when the stream level is high in flood conditions, but not affecting normal flow conditions.
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Buffers on High-Risk Crops

Buffer strips are areas at the edge of arable fields that are left uncultivated and undrilled. They are designed to slow the flow of any runoff from the cultivated area and to intercept any sediment carried with it.